Access to clean water is essential for survival; however, billions of people experience water shortages every year. The effects of water scarcity can alter many areas of society, ranging from disease to economic decline.

California is currently at the forefront of the water crisis, experiencing the most severe drought in over 1,000 years. Despite direct access to large bodies of water, many of its communities are experiencing a water emergency. Desalination presents a potential solution to these extreme conditions and lack of resources.