Sustainable development is a goal that spans national borders and affects generations of people. It combines environmental conservation, economic development, and social welfare. Therefore, the most critical responsibility of any sustainable development program is to address these three issues in a balanced way.

Energy is a central consideration in sustainable development. Energy production and use are crucial to economic growth and social advancement, especially in emerging societies. Moreover, all modes of energy generation have an environmental effect, including resource consumption, pollution, labor, etc. This article will examine whether nuclear power satisfies the requirements of the environment, economy, and society—whether it has a role in sustainable development.