As the world races toward a population of 9 billion, all of whom will need to be fed, serious concerns have emerged about our ability to care for the nutritional needs of people while addressing the looming climate crisis. One facet of the conversation is the role (if any) beef should play in the future food system.  

Some people have come out in favor of plant-based "meat," while others maintain beef was, is, and shall remain part of an environmentally friendly solution. This article will lay out both sides – first, the major claims of pro-plant-based advocates looking to disrupt an entrenched and subsidized industry. Then, the ranchers will have their say. In the end, people must decide for themselves which side is the more compelling.